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DOI: 10.15862/53FLSK422 (https://doi.org/10.15862/53FLSK422)
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Mallaliev G.N. [Genre of literary epitaph in Tabasaran poetry] World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies, 2022, Vol. 13, No. 4. Available at: https://sfk-mn.ru/PDF/53FLSK422.pdf (in Russian). DOI: 10.15862/53FLSK422
Genre of literary epitaph in Tabasaran poetry
Mallaliev Gulahmed Nuralievich
Dagestan Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Makhachkala, Russia
Institute of Language, Literature and Art named after G. Tsadasa
Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the genre of literary epitaph in Tabasaran poetry. In the water part, which has a theoretical character, the difference between the cemetery and literary epitaph is shown, the constitutional signs of two genre varieties are revealed, the degree of mastering of the genre in the literatures of the peoples of Dagestan is stated.
In the main part of the work, the thematic, structural and compositional analysis, as well as the analysis of the subjective organization of the texts of the Tabasaran literary epitaph were carried out on the material of the poetic texts of poets G. Hajiyev and R. Ramazanov. The author comes to the conclusion that the literary epitaph in Tabasaran poetry has an edifying and satirical character; it condemns the actions and qualities of people who contradict the national ideal of a woman, mother, highlander — adultery, violence against people, selfishness and indifference, depravity and perseverance in committing sins. Also in the epitaphs, the problems of retribution for earthly life, gratitude are raised.
Keywords: epitaph; tombstone; Tabasaran literature; edification; subject of speech; cycle; tomb; addressee
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