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Marsova V.V. [On the status of compound sentence in Old French (on theexample of the «Chronicle of the Conquest of Constantinople by Francs from G. Villehardouin»)] World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies, 2022, Vol. 13, No. 4. Available at: https://sfk-mn.ru/PDF/14FLSK422.pdf (in Russian).
On the status of compound sentence in Old French (on theexample of the «Chronicle of the Conquest of Constantinople by Francs from G. Villehardouin»)
Marsova Vera Vladimirovna
Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University named after V.P. Astafieva, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Abstract. The article has been prepared as part of a study on the role of the coordinative connection (coordinative conjuction) in the formation of a text in Old French. The work done in the article gives answers to questions about how a complex sentence looked like in Old French, which conjunctions formed coordinative connection, which of them were used most often. The article provides a brief external historical reference about the analyzed period (XIII century) and, in particular, about the linguistic situation at that time, including biographical information about J. Villehardouin, the author of the “Chronicle of the Conquest of Constantinople…”. The article contains structural semantic, quantitative (calculation of the frequency of use) and qualitative analysis of compound sentences taken by the method of continuous sampling with various types of connection, in accordance with the forming conjunction. The author gives examples of coordinating conjunctions that perform various functions in a sentence and, as a result, in the text itself, as well as typical schemes of compound sentences observed in the text of the Chronicle. In addition, the analyzed material shows emerging trends towards a gradual transition of the language system of the Old French language to Middle French; «extinction» or replacement of the functionality of some lexical units and their displacement by others. The structural features of the sentence in the Old French period are also highlighted, for example, compound sentences, as a rule, were inclusive, that is, they were rarely found isolated from others. At the same time, the typical structure of a composite sentence in the Chronicle tended to be a complex sentence with a mixed type of connection, which, along with the coordinative, also contains subordinative conjuction.
Keywords: compound sentence; coordinative connection; coordinative conjunction; Old French; Old French text; structural semantic analysis; chronicles of crusades; history of the French language
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ISSN 2542-0577 (Online)
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