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Korneeva A.Kh. [Zooanthtroponims in the Russian and Kalmyk languages in a comparative aspect] World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies, 2022, Vol. 13, No. 4. Available at: https://sfk-mn.ru/PDF/43FLSK422.pdf (in Russian).
Zooanthtroponims in the Russian and Kalmyk languages in a comparative aspect
Korneeva Aliya Khamidullaevna
Kalmyk State University named after B.B. Gorodovikov, Elista, Russia
Abstract. Zooanthroponims is one of the ancient formations of anthroponomy and onomastics in general. The article discusses the Russian and Kalmyk zooanthroponims, existing on the territory of Kalmyk Republic. The selection of Russian zooanthroponymicon was carried out among the population of Gorodovikovsky, Priyutnensky, Sarpinsky and Yashaltinsky regions, where prevails the Russian population. The selection of Kalmyk zooanthroponimicon was carried out among the population of Ketchenerovsky, Maloderbetovsky, Chernozemelsky and Yashkulsky regions, where prevails the Russian population.
Russian and Kalmyk zooanthroponims are considered separately.
There is there is an attempt to present zooanthroponymic paradigm associated with the “hierarchy” of wild and domestic animals among The Russians and Kalmyks living on the territory of the Republic of Kalmykia. The analysis of the revealed material allows us to draw the following conclusions: among the names there are many borrowed words which came with the Christianity among the surnames there are many surnames having components of “birds”. In Kalmyk zooanthroponimicon there are words which have zoocomponent “animal” and “a bird of prey”. Among the surnames those are the most productive which are formed from gender, age and color differentiations of domestic animals and those which have a component of “parts the animal’s body”. The feature of Kalmyk anthroponimy is associated with the prohibition for the daughter-in-low to pronounce the names of the older relatives of husband by their first names — “hadamnalgan”.
There is an attempt to explain the origin of many Kalmyk surnames from the taboo words in the article such as differences are explained by the differences in traditional farming and many features connecting with the traditions and religious affiliation of peoples.
Keywords: zooanthroponym; zooanthroponymy; zoophoric names; apotropaic names; Russian; Kalmyk language
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ISSN 2542-0577 (Online)
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