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Teplykh M.S. [Gold as a cultural value] World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies, 2018, Vol. 9, No. 1. Available at: https://sfk-mn.ru/PDF/12KLSK118.pdf (in Russian).
Gold as a cultural value
Teplykh Marina Sergeevna
Nosov Magnitogorsk state technical university, Magnitogorsk, Russia
Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the role and place of religious values in the culture system. While the axiological approach, culture is understood as the realization of the values in the practical Affairs of men and their relations in society, and values as the original start of any kind of culture. A common feature of value is the significance, importance to a particular person, group of people, society as a whole. Accordingly, we can distinguish three types of value – worth-individual, group and universal. The value is not «known» and «experienced» people and social communities as a spiritual and emotional state, exerting a reverse influence on their behavior. The essential difference between religious and secular (non-religious) values is in how the organization values in the culture: religious values are characterized by a hierarchical organization in terms of cultural monism, secular values – a network organization in terms of cultural pluralism. Religious values occupy a dominant position in the culture because of their individual importance to the religious man’s life, the presence of emotional-volitional potential to influence its behavior. Religion creates a special value system in the culture in which secular non-religious values (moral, social, political, aesthetic, scientific) are hierarchically subordinate to religious values because of their individual significance in the life of a particular person and the presence of specific qualities of comprehensiveness, universality, dogmatic and ultimacy. Religious values build value hierarchy in culture, subordinating the secular values in two ways – inclusive (secular values «sacreligious», they are given a religious interpretation) and stop (secular values must not contradict the religious, can have more significance in human life and society).
Keywords: gold; value; culture; symbol; personal sense; perfection; virtue
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