World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies
World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies
           

2020, Vol. 11, No. 3. - go to content...

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Napso M.B. [Valuable potential of institute of the collective rights in identification and self-identification questions and protection of originality social generalities] World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies, 2020, Vol. 11, No. 3. Available at: https://sfk-mn.ru/PDF/01SCSK320.pdf (in Russian).


Valuable potential of institute of the collective rights in identification and self-identification questions and protection of originality social generalities

Napso Maryana Bakhsetovna
North-Caucasus state academy, Cherkessk, Russia
E-mail: napso.maryana@mail.ru

Abstract. In article the problem of a choice of the most effective mechanisms of maintenance of the right of the individual and the right of an ethnic generality to ethnocultural distinctions is considered. Ascertaining a problem urgency in modern conditions including owing to insufficiency of legal and social guarantees of realisation of the individual and collective rights connected with its ethnocultural accessory, the author makes an attempt to define the most important approaches in a solution of a problem with the account as advantages, and lacks of achievements of globalisation of this area. Having come to conclusion that equality maintenance (a discrimination exception) and freedom of will by means of realisation of universal human rights and общегражданских the rights was the main theme of a postmodern in identification and self-identification questions, the author notices that it is not enough this toolkit both for equality maintenance, and for preservation and development sociacultural distinctions. From this point of view in the greatest valuable potential, according to the author, the collective right to originality owing to its mission – protection of specificity of ethnocultural and national development, under condition of its recognition not for separate, and behind all ethnic generalities possesses. Thus the right to equality of all individuals and the people will be among themselves added by the right to an inequality, the right to be and remain other which absence can quite be treated as discrimination owing to absence of possibility to differ from others and freely to develop in this quality. The author is convinced that the national policy becomes more productive if in its basis the unity of idea of integration and ethnocultural differentiation is necessary, and in a basis of legal identification – unity of idea of equality and idea of originality. Besides, addition of the individual rights with the right of the people on originality will expand state possibilities on maintenance purposeful influence on sphere of intercultural and interethnic relations.

Keywords: national identity; originality; identification; self-identification; human rights; the rights of the people; the rights of minority; globalisation; equality; an inequality; the right to distinctions

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