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DOI: 10.15862/58SCSK322 (https://doi.org/10.15862/58SCSK322)
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Zyazin S.Yu. [The specifics of social resocialization of convicts sentenced to deprivation of liberty] World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies, 2022, Vol. 13, No. 3. Available at: https://sfk-mn.ru/PDF/58SCSK322.pdf (in Russian). DOI: 10.15862/58SCSK322
The specifics of social resocialization of convicts sentenced to deprivation of liberty
Abstract. The article reveals the problem of the specifics of the social resocialization of those sentenced to deprivation of liberty. The factors determining it are determined, where labor is named as the main one. This kind of approach makes it possible to evaluate other elements of the social resocialization of convicts sentenced to deprivation of liberty. In the literature, they are usually defined as equivalent. However, the analysis of their content, carried out in the article, made it possible to establish the main role of labor, above all other signs (factors).
The essence of the resocializing role of the theoretical and methodological approach, to the definition of its mechanism in achieving the goals of criminal punishment, is revealed. This allows us to establish the sequence of the resocializing impact on those sentenced to deprivation of liberty throughout all stages of the penal process (the penitentiary and post-penitentiary periods of social resocialization of convicts).
It is concluded that social resocialization determines its structure based on the attitude of the convict to work, where the latter acts as the leading element of penitentiary influence on the personality of the convict. It is summarized that the process is carried out in two stages, the first penitentiary proceeds directly in the conditions of a correctional institution, the second post-penitentiary in the conditions of a free society, where there is a kind of consolidation of those values and norms that were restored to the convict as a socialized member of a free (open) society. The social resocialization of those sentenced to deprivation of liberty is formulated by the author as a specific process that allows creating conditions under which it is possible to overcome the social alienation of the person serving (has served) a criminal sentence in a free (open) society.
Keywords: resocialization of convicts; penitentiary resocialization; post-penitentiary resocialization; social adaptation of convicts
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