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Davydova I.V. [Features of linguistic representation of perceptual experience in a scientific text] World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies, 2023, Vol. 14, No. 2. Available at: https://sfk-mn.ru/PDF/35FLSK223.pdf (in Russian).
Features of linguistic representation of perceptual experience in a scientific text
Davydova Irina Viktorovna
Industrial University of Tyumen, Tyumen, Russia
Abstract. The article reveals the essence of the language reflecting individual perception of real objects and phenomena. The paper focuses on the interrelation of two cognitive systems in the structure of the human personality — language and perception. Perception as an important element of cognitive activity is a holistic reflection of objects and phenomena in the human brain. The study touches upon the issues of using vocabulary with perceptual meaning. The potential of perceptual vocabulary consists in reflecting the essence of the cognitive process and describing the results of observation. The perceptual reaction of a person to the linguistic representation of phenomena and objects is expressed in the linguistic image. In its turn, the linguistic image forms the perceptual picture of the speaker’s world. Language reflects the process of human perception of reality, but not the reality itself. By type, perception is similar to sensations: visual, auditory, tactile, gustatory and olfactory. The article notes that polymodal, intramodal and crossmodal lexemes are distinguished.
The author presents a study of scientific discourse from the standpoint of cognitive linguistics. An English-language scientific text served the material for the practical part of the research. Three main types of perception were analyzed: exteroception, proprioception, interoception, as well as their submodalities; polymodal, intramodal and crossmodal lexemes. It has been proved that the visual mode of perception is the leading and most important one in the individual perceptual experience. The use of words reflecting this perceptual mode in scientific articles is justified. Being the least subjective, such words meet the requirements of scientific discourse. The article concludes that the activity approach determines the dominance of verb forms among the perceptual vocabulary. The combination of several modalities in a scientific text makes it more expressive.
Keywords: perception; submodality; polymodality; intramodality; crossmodality; exteroception; proprioception; interoception; scientific style
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