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Protopopov S.S. [Traditional medicine of Sakha (the Yakuts) as a cultural phenomenon: terminological aspect] World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies, 2022, Vol. 13, No. 3. Available at: https://sfk-mn.ru/PDF/26KLSK322.pdf (in Russian).
Traditional medicine of Sakha (the Yakuts) as a cultural phenomenon: terminological aspect
Protopopov Semen Semenovich
M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia
Abstract. The choice of the research subject is due to the lack of knowledge of this topic, which requires cultural analysis and description. This article is an attempt to solve this problem on the basis of cultural knowledge about folk medicine in general, as well as to create a verbal database to describe the cultural phenomenon of the Yakut folk healing, which is an urgent problem for regional cultural studies.
The article deals with the culturological analysis of the system of specializations and the classification names of folk healers of Sakha (the Yakuts). The author identifies the main terms used to designate specializations in folk medicine of Sakha (the Yakuts). The classification of terms according to the functional principle has been carried out. The main motives of the semantics of the described terms and terminological apparatus have been determined. The culturological phenomenon of the terms of folk medicine of Sakha (the Yakuts) has been established. The work reveals an original and unique folk healing practice, for the interpretation of which a descriptive, comparative-historical, classification method, interpretation of the material and field material were used. The specifics of the professionalization of traditional medicine is determined by the cultural context, represented by a set of socio-cultural norms, conditions and factors. The author concludes that the phenomenon of traditional medicine of Sakha (the Yakuts) is an integral part of the traditional culture of the ethnos. As a result of the materials obtained, it can be summarized as follows: treatment by methods of physical influence, such as hot, cold compresses, massages, the rudiments of acupuncture, bloodletting, moxibustion, chiropractic, which have been widely used in medical practice. A special field of Yakut folk medicine was the beginnings of surgery and psychotherapy. The keepers and translators of traditional medicine of Sakha (the Yakuts) were otosuts-healers, folk healers, healers. All this was directly reflected in the terms of traditional medicine. In the future, the task is to compile a complete electronic catalog of names used in folk medicine of Sakha (the Yakuts) in the context of regional cultural studies.
Keywords: folk medicine; cultural phenomenon; terminology; sacred knowledge of Sakha; folk healing; classification and specialization of folk healers
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ISSN 2542-0577 (Online)
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