2023, Vol. 14, No. 2. - go to content...
Permanent address of this page - https://sfk-mn.ru/en/11klsk223.html
Full article in PDF format (file size: 334.3 KB)
Li Ts., Peredelʹskiy A.A. [Ancient and medieval cultural foundations and modern trends in the sportization of martial arts and military-applied martial arts] World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies, 2023, Vol. 14, No. 2. Available at: https://sfk-mn.ru/PDF/11KLSK223.pdf (in Russian).
Ancient and medieval cultural foundations and modern trends in the sportization of martial arts and military-applied martial arts
Russian University Sport (SCOLIPE), Moscow, Russia
Peredelʹskiy Aleksey Anatolʹevich
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russia
Abstract. Ascertaining the emergence already in antiquity of two (western and eastern) main centers or poles of the culture of martial arts and martial arts, which determined the fate of martial arts in the modern world, but determined far from equally, the authors of this article attempted to explain and substantiate the essence, causes and consequences of this inequalities. In other words, an attempt was made to analyze the phenomenon of the inequality of the influence of Western and Eastern cultures of martial arts and military-applied martial arts on the process of their modern sportization (adaptation to the norms and rules of conducting sports and competitive activities or transformation in terms of acquiring their own standard sports regulations).
So, the purpose of this study is to analyze the causes, essence and consequences of the unequal influence of the ancient and medieval Western and Eastern culture of martial arts, military and religious applied martial arts on the process of formation of modern martial arts.
The article briefly but consistently substantiates the difference between the West and the East in writing and mentality, in the religiosity associated with them and combined with them in European and Far Eastern countries and peoples, in the course and pace scientific and technological progress and the regional-geographical historical process itself.
- the trend of sporting and filled with oriental content recreation of European national specialized practices;
- attempts on the basis of these updated practices to form the latest and sport-derived military-applied martial arts;
- the tendency to continue the sporting, that is, the religious-playing rebirth of the oriental martial arts and military-applied martial arts that have remained in a relatively original form.
The authors state that all this shows and proves the consistent and until recently steady victory of the Eurocentric socio-cultural program over the oriental socio-cultural program, but they ask how stable this trend will be in the last decade and how long it will last in the near future.
In conclusion, the authors emphasize that the modern trend of sportization of martial arts and military-applied martial arts is far from an accidental phenomenon, which has fundamental ancient and medieval cultural foundations, and also reflects the centuries-old competitive struggle of two sociocultural programs: the Eurocentric (Western) program and the Oriental (Eastern) one. programs. In the process of this struggle, with the clear advantage of a Eurocentric socio-cultural program, the culture of martial arts and military-applied martial arts has already been subjected to systemic distortion twice. Understanding this circumstance in total, taking into account the changed conditions and methods of conducting modern warfare, raises the question of the urgent need to develop a modern vision of military applied martial arts and martial arts, derived not from religious sports competitions, but from the real military combat functionality of units, specific episodes of the work of which really have a probability or are even associated with the use of military-applied combat techniques.
Keywords: martial arts; applied military martial arts; picture writing; alphabetic writing; Christianity; Chan (Zen) Buddhism; Chinese traditionalism and conservatism; waves of migration; sportization
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
ISSN 2542-0577 (Online)
Dear readers! Comments on articles are accepted in Russian and English.
Comments are moderated and appear on the site after verification by the editor.
Comments not related to the subject of the article are not published.