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DOI: 10.15862/10SCSK220 (https://doi.org/10.15862/10SCSK220)
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Nevelichko L.G. [Social integration as a significant factor in the rehabilitation of people with disabilities in a neuropsychiatric boarding school] World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies, 2020, Vol. 11, No. 2. Available at: https://sfk-mn.ru/PDF/10SCSK220.pdf (in Russian). DOI: 10.15862/10SCSK220
Social integration as a significant factor in the rehabilitation of people with disabilities in a neuropsychiatric boarding school
Nevelichko Lyubov Grigorievna
Sholom-Aleichem Priamursky state university, Birobidzhan, Russia
Abstract. The article describes the experience of social rehabilitation of persons with mental disorders and central nervous system living in a neuropsychiatric boarding school. It has been established that modern rehabilitation practices aimed at developing or restoring lost skills of patients is not a program limited to a specific time period, but a long continuous process that requires constant monitoring and corrective measures. But mental diseases in the vast majority require large expenditures from the state budget, therefore, the implementation of systematic individual resocialization measures becomes extremely difficult, and subsequent work with the mentally ill is reduced to meeting the basic life needs of the disabled, assigning them the role of recipients of guardianship and care. It is justified that social rehabilitation programs aimed at developing or restoring the necessary skills, as well as activating compensatory mechanisms, do not fully fulfill the socializing function without forming the individual and social value of the wards. The novelty of the study is to justify the prospect of including in the process of existing practice of social rehabilitation a component that can to some extent change the social status of patients in a neuropsychiatric boarding school and allow them to master new social roles – the integration of the mentally ill and society.
Keywords: social rehabilitation; neuropsychiatric boarding; social rehabilitation programs; social rehabilitation of a disabled person; interaction with society
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