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Kuzmina R.P. [Conceptualization of AUTUMN in the language picture of the world of the evens] World of Science. Series: Sociology, Philology, Cultural Studies, 2023, Vol. 14, No. 2. Available at: https://sfk-mn.ru/PDF/04FLSK223.pdf (in Russian).
Conceptualization of AUTUMN in the language picture of the world of the evens
Kuzmina Raisa Petrovna
Yakutsk Scientific Center of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russia
Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the Problems
Abstract. The article for the first time considers the structural and semantic features of the concept AUTUMN in the language picture of the world of the Evens. The methods of objectification of figurative conceptual features of the concept are determined, the value-evaluative and symbolic structure of the concept is characterized. As a result of the study, two key representatives of the concept were identified, objectifying two periods of the autumn season — montelse ´autumn (the first half, before snow); autumn´ and bolani ~ boloni ´autumn (second half, after the first snow)´. The semantic field of the autumn season includes signs — the withering of nature, the flight of birds to warmer climes, bad weather, the ripening of berries and mushrooms, the hunting of wild deer and bear, the laying of the tarbagan in a hole, the onset of cold weather, icing of rivers and lakes, the fall of the first snow. The figurative components of the concept are updated in the form of comparative constructions and metaphors. In the national linguoculture, figurative comparisons and metaphors are classified according to different features, the prevailing of which are vital, colorful and anthropomorphic features. In the vision of the world of the Evens, an ambivalent assessment of the autumn season is established in the content of the value-evaluative features of the concept. A positive assessment of autumn in the picture of the world of the ethnic group is mainly associated with the economic activities of the Evens: hunting, letting deer free-range, the disappearance of midges, picking berries and mushrooms. The negativity of autumn is characterized by the fact that autumn is most often associated with sadness, sadness, longing. The value-evaluative features of the concept in the linguistic consciousness of the ethnic group are expressed by various evaluative words that show the attitude of the subject to the autumn season. In ethnic consciousness, autumn symbolizes old age and the approach of death.
Keywords: language picture of the world; consciousness; linguistic culture; figurative signs; grade; symbol; concept
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